About history. The thing that I’ve never heard any Chinese leader say is that “current events are so different that you can’t use history as a guide” whereas American leaders do this all the time. Also, a lot of American foreign policy has been influenced by Fujiyama’s “The End of History”.
The problem with doing that is that if you don’t use past experience as a reference point then on what basis do you make decisions. One can argue that protectionism in 1820-United States is relevant/irrelevant to current events, and that Chinese policy should be the same/different. One can argue between different interpretations of events, and that is healthy. But there is a scary tendency by American politicians to consider all of that irrelevant and to just ignore history, which is dangerous.